Restorative justice and the criminal justice

Those who are impacted by crime or commit crime need the healing power that comes from being reconciled with their neighbor and community, as well as with God.

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Community is an elusive, oft-abused term. A trained mediator helps the parties find a mutually satisfactory method of reparation and restitution. While government has an obligation to protect the community from those who become aggressive or violent because of mental illness, it also has a responsibility to see that the offender receives the proper treatment for his or her illness.

Victims need to be restored to a sense of control and safety in their lives Zehr, Jesus, who himself was a prisoner, calls us to visit the imprisoned and to take care of the sick including victims of crimethe homeless, and the hungry Mt This principle of Catholic social teaching recognizes that every public policy must be assessed by how it will affect the poorest and most vulnerable people in our society.

Restorative Justice

Delineating the role of the community in the Restorative Justice paradigm is essential to complete the theoretical structure. Pope John Paul II said What Christ is looking for is trusting acceptance, an attitude which opens the mind to generous decisions aimed at rectifying the evil done and fostering what is good.

The social dimension of our teaching leads us to the common good and its relationship to punishment. Call if you would like to discuss Victim-Offender Dialogue with the victim programs manager.

Centre for Justice and Reconciliation

Far too many people are in prison primarily because of addiction. Surely, more is expected from the community than a commendable increase in citizen volunteer participation and the involvement of individual victims and offenders. It is intended as a vitaliser for neighbourhoods.

Real accountability includes taking responsibility for the results of one''s behavior. Referral to restorative justice processes is possible at any stage of the criminal justice system, with particular emphasis on pre-trial diversion, plea and sentence agreements, pre-sentence process, as part of the sentence, and part of the reintegration process, including parole.

We bishops cannot support policies that treat young offenders as though they are adults. The Criminal Codes section addresses some of the public policy dimensions of restorative justice.

Finally, we must welcome ex-offenders back into society as full participating members, to the extent feasible, and support their right to vote. Existing social networks should be mobilized, and creative options for dealing with deviant behavior should be stimulated.

For some small towns facing losses in agriculture, mining, or manufacturing, the economic benefits from building a prison and offering related services are seen as economic development creating vital new jobs. Offenders shouldn''t be prosecuted solely on behalf of the state or "the people". Should the conflict exist between married partners and the injury involved physical harm, the boundary of the community with an interest undoubtedly widens to include, at least, other non-primary family members and associates.

The actions of the most violent youth leave us shocked and frightened and therefore they should be removed from society until they are no longer dangerous.

Crime is a serious form of interpersonal conflict involving concrete harms Zehr,p.Restorative justice was a system of criminal justice which focuses on the rehabilitation of offenders through reconciliation with victims and the community at large. This approach is based on the assumption that crime has its origins in social conditions and the relationships in the communities.

RESTORATIVE JUSTICE l the road to healing 3 1. PREAMBLE South Africa as in most countries in the world is still applying a retributive justice system. Mission. We prepare students to move successfully into criminal justice, forensic investigation, and related careers as liberally educated people who are intellectually mature, ethically responsible, culturally aware, and knowledgeable about social justice.

Restorative Justice is a theory of justice that emphasizes repairing the harm caused by criminal behavior. It is best accomplished through cooperative processes that allow all willing stakeholders to meet, although other approaches are available when that is. Restorative Justice (RJ) is an approach to problem solving that is based around three basic concepts.

1) That when crime (or wrongdoing) occurs, the focus is on the harm that has been done to people and relationships. 2) When harm has been done, it creates obligations and liabilities.

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3) The way forward involves wrongdoers, victims and the. The modern restorative justice movement got its start in the criminal and juvenile justice arenas.

It now is capable of influencing virtually every aspect of those systems. The Criminal Codes section addresses some of the public policy dimensions of restorative justice.

Restorative justice and the criminal justice
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